Have you ever felt you ought to cut down on your drinking or using?
Have people annoyed you by criticizing your drinking or using?
Have you ever felt bad or guilty about your drinking or using?
Have you ever had a drink first thing in the morning to steady your nerves or to get rid of a hangover?
Have you ever used in order to ‘cope’, go to sleep at night, or function in the morning?
A positive response to just one of the above would indicate a need for additional assessment. Two or more indicates a strong possibility of alcohol or substance abuse/addiction.